Almost every child in his or her younger age has experienced their parents’ frown, upon not drinking the glass of milk or not eating their veggies properly. Do you know why? It is because children up to 3 years of age are highly susceptible to a deficiency syndrome, known by the name rickets.
What Is Rickets?
Rickets is a skeletal disorder that engulfs children, mostly in the age range of 6 months to 3 years. It is one of the diseases that are caused due to deficiency of Vitamin D, calcium and phosphate in the body of kids.
These imperative nutrients have their functions concerned to the human skeletal system and lack of these could result in weakening and softening of bones, stunted growth and deformities in the skeletal system.
Kids in their growing stages are at the highest risk of being attacked by rickets if their body does not get enough of Vitamin D. Though you get a lot of Vitamin D from the diets you take in, human body is equipped to synthesize Vitamin D from the sunlight itself.
Symptoms Accompanying Rickets:
The symptoms that are highly prone with rickets are:
1. Tenderness of Bones in body parts including arms, pelvis, spines and legs etc.
2. Reduced Body Growth and Short Stature
3. Bone Fractures
4. Cramps in Muscles
5. Delayed Appearance of Teeth
6. Holes in the Teeth Enamel
7. Defective Structure of Teeth
8. Cavity-Stricken Teeth
9. Curvy Spine
10. Pelvic Deformities
11. Odd-Shaped Skull
All these symptoms could well accompany pain in the body and many a times they require treatment under the knife to get recovered.
Causes Of Rickets:
As mentioned before, rickets is mainly attributed to deficiency of vital nutrients such as Vitamin D, Calcium and Phosphorus. Vitamin D helps in absorption of minerals such as calcium etc. from food sources and helps in strengthening the bones.
Lack of these nutrients could always be a critical cause of rickets. Additionally, some body diseases such as kidney and liver disorders etc. and malnutrition etc. could also contribute much to the symptoms of rickets.
Diagnosis of Rickets:
Rickets in children may be diagnosed by doctors through physical examination of the body. Other methods of diagnosis may also be used such as:
1. Arterial blood gas test to determine the content of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood
2. Blood test to determine the amounts of nutrients in the blood
3. X-Rays of bones to check the bone deformities
Treatment of Rickets:
Generally, the symptoms of rickets are treated with the help of nutrients in the body. Vitamin D, Calcium and phosphate replenishment may be offered through various food sources as well as liquid Vitamin D supplements.
Exposure of body to sunlight may also be highly helpful in fulfilling the requirements of Vitamin D.
In case the body of children experiences some sort of deformity, doctors may suggest using corrective braces to position the bones correctly as they grow. Some other serious cases may require surgeries for body reliefs.
Rickets is preventable in children through proper supply of nutrients and minerals in appropriate quantities. Apart from these, various organic Vitamin D supplemental liquids may also be helpful prevention and treatment of rickets.